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    Public green spaces

Flourishing life in public green spaces

Public green spaces are not only parks - the smallest spots such as traffic islands, road margins, plant troughs, and extensive areas such as the Danube Island or cemeteries are also green spaces. All these areas play an important role when it comes to connecting city and nature. Strictly symmetrical parks and purely ornamental green spaces can’t really contribute to this though. The City of Vienna is a pioneer in this area; many green spaces are cared for with a more natural set-up in mind. This leads to the emergence of smaller and larger flowered areas and habitations all over the city. You as a city dweller, will benefit from a space for recreation and relaxing, and from being able to experience nature at your doorstep.

Target species

Common chicory

Green toad

Scarce swallowtail

Stag beetle


Wild carrot

Good to know

  • Ecologically valuable spaces are almost always lower maintenance than their counterparts (a flower meadow can tolerate weeds that would be a problem elsewhere).
  • Existing plants are often ecologically very valuable and therefore worth preserving, i.e. Old trees.
  • Parks and recreational areas are ideal for the promotion of fruit trees - fresh and free local supplies for human and animal city dwellers.
  • Unnatural ponds in parks can easily be adapted and made more natural (i.e. By creating shallow shore areas and by planting).
  • Some people might consider more natural-looking spaces to feel disorderly. But through communication we can raise awareness and create an appreciation for this ecological asset.

What does the City of Vienna do?

Have you noticed the changes yet? More and more flowerbeds in Vienna are sporting a new, more natural look:
Stadt Wien: Neues Bepflanzungskonzept der Wiener Stadtgärten (PDF)


The City of Vienna - Environmental protection department has been applying the wildlife and habitat protection programme Netzwerk Natur (engl. Network Nature) for two decades. Within the scope of the programme, other department of the City of Vienna receive consultancy:
Das Netzwerk Natur der Stadt Wien - Umweltschutz (wien.gv.at)

Wildflower meadow as flowered area

Colourful diversity and pleasant buzzing and humming: This is what the flower meadow stands for, more than any other habitat. Be careful when choosing your seeds: The mixes available at DIY stores often only contain exotic and annual flowers. Besides: The lower in nutrients the soil is, the more diverse and species-rich will the meadow become. So: Get started and enjoy the bustling life that you will witness!

Tip: Add flower bulbs to your meadow. After all, seeing flowers pop up in early spring is wonderful.

The following collection of Internet links was selected as an example and does not claim to be complete.




Wild and overgrown corner/margin as habitations

In earlier times, allowing overgrowth was considered neglectful, but today, we know about the significance of it as a habitat for insects and other animals. You can let one corner of your garden turn adrift or create a margin for wildlife. It can run along a building, a fence or under a hedge, or even a long a path or driveway. Get over yourself, and let the wild plants grow! You will get to know a whole new and exciting side of your garden.

The following collection of Internet links was selected as an example and does not claim to be complete.


Set-up of a wild and overgrown corner:

Set-up wild margin:

Other measures

Kleingewässer mit Libelle

Aquatic micro-habitats

General notes:

General information on the topic: